Treatment approaches: Applied behaviour analysis (ABA)
Behaviour analysis is the scientific study of behaviour, whereas applied behaviour analysis is the process of systematically applying interventions in an effort to change and improve socially significant behaviours. Socially significant behaviours are any behaviours that improve the quality of life for the individual receiving treatment. ABA is the foundation to many evidence based treatments to improve emotional, behavioural and social functioning, including Early Intensive Behavioural Intervention for autism and developmental delay, and many behavioural techniques within CBT, ACT, and DBT
Basic components of ABA:
- Skills are broken down to the simplest components and taught in a specific order.
- Skills are taught to fluent mastery, which includes generalisation across people and environments.
- Reinforcement is used to motivate the learner and build and maintain new skills in their repertoire.
- Data is collected and analysed through regular therapist or self-monitoring as the primary method for evaluating and documenting success and maintenance of newly acquired skills.